Engravings of the year 1639

271-A new depiction of the Duchy and Bishopric of Würzburg with surrounding regions.

A new depiction of the Duchy and Bishopric of Würzburg with surrounding regions.

Würzburg, dne 01.01.1639 (do 31.12.1639)

This engraving depicts a map of the territory along the river Maiz, mostly the regions situated northward and southward of the river. ‚Pipinus rex Galliae, fundator ecclesiae Herbip’,,Carolus Magnus imp. Pipini regis Galliorum filius’and,Gosbertus dux’ (?.).‘ are depicted in the top left corner. There are several coats-of-arms at the top right. The coat-of-arms of the contemporary Bishop of Bamberg-Würzburg and the coat-of-arms of Duke Franz of the East Franconia. Nearby are two figures representing St Killian and St. Burkhard; undoubtedly the patrons of the region. Signatures of the engravers are in an ornamental cartouche at the bottom right (as stated on the previous sheet).

Signace: Durch Hans Georgen und Georg Conrad die Jungen zu Rottenburg ob der Tauber 1639.
Autor: Jungen Georg Conrad, mědirytec v Rotenburgu n/T.

Originální název: Nova Delineatio Episcopat. Ducatus Herbip. cum locis adiacentibus.

Following the victory of Breitenfeld in 1631, the Swedish occupied the entire area along the river Maiz and Gustav Adolph forced out the Bishops of Bamberg and Würzburg. The Swedish king created a new Franconia Duchy from the two bishoprics, which Chancellor Oxenstierna gave to Bernhard Saxon-Weimar for his merits in Swedish victories in 1633. However, the war luck is unsteady and this situation soon turned. The Swedish were defeated in Nördlingen by the Imperial army and the stated territories were reoccupied by the Catholics, who immediately reinstated the two bishoprics.

266-

Thionville, dne 01.01.1639

Signace: neuvedena
Autor: Jungen Georg Conrad, mědirytec v Rotenburgu n/T.

Originální název:

269-The city of Mousson, which was besieged by the Imperial army commanded by the General Field Marshal Piccolomini in June 1639.

The city of Mousson, which was besieged by the Imperial army commanded by the General Field Marshal Piccolomini in June 1639.

Mousson, dne 01.06.1639 (do 30.06.1639)

The town of Mousson is schematically sketched in the middle of the picture; the river Meuse flows nearby. Military formations are built on both sides of the town. The stated German text is in a square banner at the top right; the caption A-R is lower down in another banner.

Signace: Carlo Cappi ing. delineavit.
Autor: Cappl Carlo, fortifikační inženýr a kreslíř plánů

Originální název: Die Statt Mousson wie solche von den Kay. under general-Veltmarschallen Piccolomini belagert worden im Junio 1639.

The General Piccolomini commanded the Imperial-Spanish army operating on the French borders. Among others he besieged the town of Mousson in Alsace near Metz. Soon after this event, Piccolomini was hastily recalled to the inherited Austrian lands, where the Swedish army commanded by Banner was seriously pushing the Imperial forces and pillaging mainly the lands of the Czech Kingdom.

267-An original drawing of the royal fortress of Deidenhofen, including the bloody fight that took place outside it, in which His Excellency General Piccolomini won greatly on 4 June 1639.

An original drawing of the royal fortress of Deidenhofen, including the bloody fight that took place outside it, in which His Excellency General Piccolomini won greatly on 4 June 1639.

Thionville, dne 04.06.1639

The stream of the river Moselle is in the left third of the picture. A battle is raving on its banks, there is a forested hilly landscape in the background. A schematic sketch of the fortress is in the top right corner with the caption 1-13 on the left. There is an extensive three-columned German text below the picture part of the print. It describes in detail the progress of the depicted battle.

Signace: Nachgedruckt zu Augspurg in Verlegung Marx Antony Hannas
Autor: Hannas Marx Anthon, rytec a nakladatel v Augsburgu

Originální název: Eigentlicher Abrisz der königlichen Festung Diedenhofen sammt dem blutigen Treffen darvor in welchem ihr. Excelenz Herr General Piccolomini eine herrliche viktori erhalten, den 4. Juni 1639.

The French army suffered several defeats in the long war with Spain during the last years of the forth decade of the 17th century. A bloody battle broke out between the two enemies on 4 June 1639 near the town of Diedenhofen (Tionville), situated approx. 30 km south of Luxembourg. While the French forces were besieging the town and the fortress, the General Count Piccolomini arrived with his army, liberated the suffering town and crushed the French commanded by the General de Fauquiéres. The entire French infantry was killed, wounded or captured. At this time, General Piccolomini fought on the side of the Spanish Kingdom.

268-The siege of the fortress of Diedenhofen, which was liberated by the Imperial army commanded by His Excellency General Piccolomini, and the French were forced out from the area outside the town, in June 1639.

The siege of the fortress of Diedenhofen, which was liberated by the Imperial army commanded by His Excellency General Piccolomini, and the French were forced out from the area outside the town, in June 1639.

Thionville, dne 04.06.1639

The Moselle river is drawn parallel to the bottom edge of the engraving. The town of Diedenhofen is only schematically sketched along the river. A wide strip of the French fortifications circles the town. A battle with the Imperial-Spanish army under Piccolomini is just commencing in the space between the fortifications and the fortress. The above-stated text is in a square on the left. The author of the print, fortification engineer Carlo Cappi, put the main emphasis on the precise drawing of various fortification constructions.

Signace: Carlo Cappi ing. Delineavit.
Autor: Cappl Carlo, fortifikační inženýr a kreslíř plánů

Originální název: Belagerung der Vöstung Diedenhofen und wie solche von der Kays. Armée unter dem Commando Ihr. Excel. General Piccolomini entsetzt und die Franzosen darvor weg geschlagen worden, im Juni 1639.

The French army suffered several defeats in the long war with Spain during the last years of the forth decade of the 17th century. A bloody battle broke out between the two enemies on 4 June 1639 near the town of Diedenhofen (Tionville), situated approx. 30 km south of Luxembourg. While the French forces were besieging the town and the fortress, the General Count Piccolomini arrived with his army, liberated the suffering town and crushed the French commanded by the General de Fauquiéres. The entire French infantry was killed, wounded or captured. At this time, General Piccolomini fought on the side of the Spanish Kingdom.

270-A genuine depiction of the great naval battle fought between Spanish and Dutch fleets in Duyne on 21 October 1639, in which the Dutch commanded by Admiral Martin Harperstromp gained victory.

A genuine depiction of the great naval battle fought between Spanish and Dutch fleets in Duyne on 21 October 1639, in which the Dutch commanded by Admiral Martin Harperstromp gained victory.

Duyne, dne 21.10.1639

This is a wide picture of a great naval battle. The coast of England is visible on the horizon in the far background. The surface of the see virtually swarms with various battle ships; a burning ship surrounded by safe boats is in the right foreground. The German explanatory text is placed above the picture, the caption A-S is below it.

Signace: neuvedena
Autor: Cappl Carlo, fortifikační inženýr a kreslíř plánů

Originální název: Wahre Abbildung der mächtigen Seeschlacht so sich zwischen den Hispanischen und Holländischen Schiffsarmata in den Duynen den 21. Octobris 1639 zugetragen, darinnen die Höllander under dem Admiral Martin Harperstromp die victori erhalten.

The war between Spain and the Netherlands lasted many years, there was a twelve-year ceasefire from 9 April 1609 till the year 1621 but after its end, new fights broke out bringing many important victories to the Dutch, mainly after the Duke Frederick Henry of Orange I took over the political and military issues of the state. The depicted naval battle near Duyne fought in the Straits of Dover on 21 October 1639, shows yet another defeat of the Spanish fleet.

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